A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove a woman's uterus (womb), and sometimes the ovaries are also removed. A hysterectomy may be used to treat a variety of conditions, including heavy periods, fibroids or cancer. Often a hysterectomy will be chosen when other less invasive treatment options have failed or have been declined. A laparoscopic hysterectomy is when this operation is carried out using keyhole techniques, and therefore it is minimally invasive. A laparoscopic hysterectomy is still performed with general anaesthesia, and 3-4 small incisions are made in the abdomen, through which carbon dioxide is pumped to enlarge the area and to improve access. A small camera is inserted and through the small incisions, surgical tools are used to remove the uterus (and possibly ovaries). Afterwards, the incisions are closed with dissolvable stitches.